Year of publication
- Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (62)
- University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine (25)
- University of Belgrade, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences (15)
- Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia (8)
- University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics (7)
- University of California, San Francisco (4)
- University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Čačak (4)
- University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine (4)
- University of Niš, Center for Electron Microscopy (3)
- University of Oslo, Faculty of Dentistry (3)
- Biomaterijali (2010)
- Početak XXI veka nesumnjivo je obeležen interdisciplinarnim i multidisciplinarnim naporima istraživača u različitim oblastima nauke. Jedna od najizrazitijih tendencija ovog tipa uočava se u biomedicinskim istraživanjima, gde se združuju napori lekara, biologa, genetičara i biohemičara, s jedne strane, i biofizičara i inženjera, s druge strane – sa ciljem dubljeg razumevanja zdravlja i bolesti, i primene ovih saznanja u biomedicinskoj praksi, tako važnoj u svakodnevnom životu ljudi. Kao rezultat ovih svetskih trendova, u Srbiji već više godina na nekoliko fakulteta postoji nastava iz oblasti biomedicinskog inženjerstva, sa ciljem da osposobi inženjere ovih usmerenja za multidisciplinarno povezivanje znanja iz oblasti tehnike sa biomedicinskim znanjima. Jedan od bazičnih predmeta ovih usmerenja jesu Biomaterijali, kojima je i posvećen naš udžbenik, čiji je cilj da predstavi pregled teorije i prakse biomaterijala u biomedicinskoj nauci. Nauka o biomaterijalima je nesumnjivo najmultidisciplinarnija od svih nauka, jer zahteva ovladavanje znanjima iz mnogih oblasti nauke i tehnologije, inženjerstva i medicine, kako bi naučnici iz oblasti biomaterijala mogli da se uhvate u koštac sa ovom profesijom. Zato posle uvodnog dela, udžbenik iz Biomaterijala sadrži četiri celine: (I) Osnovni biomedicinski koncepti i reakcije organizma na biomaterijale, (II) Struktura, fizičko-mehanička karakterizacija i modeliranje biomaterijala i tkiva, (III) Savremeni biomaterijali i tehnologije, (IV) Perspektive biomaterijala i tehnologija, iza kojih slede Zadaci sa rešenjima, Ispitna test pitanja i Ispitna teorijska pitanja, koji pomažu studentima da lakše savladaju veoma obimno i kompleksno gradivo. Na kraju svakog poglavlja data su pitanja za rekapitulaciju, kao i spisak dopunske literature za opcionu detaljniju obradu pojedinih oblasti. Grupa od dvadeset četiri profesionalca sa univerziteta i naučnih instituta, pod okriljem Instituta tehničkih nauka Srpske akademije nauka i umetnosti, Beograd, i Društva za istraživanje materijala Srbije (MRS Srbija) doprinela je pisanju ovog kapitalnog udžbenika o biomaterijalima, prvog do sada na srpskom jeziku. Mada uključivanje veće grupe autora nužno dovodi do stilske neujednačenosti, ipak je oblast biomaterijala toliko multidisciplinarna da je ovakav pristup bio neophodan, kako uostalom pokazuju slična svetska iskustva sa uključivanjem i preko pedeset autora. Ipak urednici su se potrudili da koliko je to moguće stilski i pedagoški ujednače udžbenik, kako bi bio korisna literatura za sve studente diplomskih, master i doktorskih studija iz biomedicinskog inženjerstva u Srbiji i okruženju.
- Interaction of nanoparticles and biological fluids (2014)
- Recent studies have shown that the behavior of nanoparticles in in vivo conditions is not solely dependant on their physical properties, such are size and shape. The surface of nanoparticles in biological fluids interacts with biomolecules such are proteins, adsorbs these molecules, and leads to formation of nanoparticle-biomoelcular complex known as “protein corona”. This protein corona changes the properties of nanoparticles and their behavior in vivo. In this work three types of nanomaterial based on Hap and polymers were incubated in rats plasma, and the identification and quantification of proteins in protein corona that had formed around these nanoparticles, was done by means of electrophoresis and mass spectrophotometery.
- Joint effects of vitamin D and nanobiomaterial in the jaw bone regeneration (2011)
- Systems for targeted delivery of drugs with high affinity for specific organs, tissues, and cells were introduced at the beginning of the twentieth century. Recently, this concept is attracting much attention. These systems have shown most effective in reducing adverse effects of drugs. In recent years, scientists have created a system of nanoparticles for delivery of vitamin D. Special attention is paid to the role of vitamin D in the division and differentiation of osteoblasts and thus, in its role in osteogenesis. In this regard it was interesting to observe the local effects of the active form of vitamin D3 in osteogenesis, as a part of the system for local delivery. These effects were observed on an experimental model. Three types of nanobiomaterial were implanted in the artificially made defects in rats’ mandibular bone. Six weeks after implantation of hydroxyapatite, hydroxyapatite-coated vitamin D3 and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles coated with vitamin D3 mixed with the polymer, the animals were sacrificed, and the samples of mandibular alveolar bone were taken. The samples were adequately prepared and subjected to histopathological analysis. The best results in regeneration of osteoporotic jaw bone were obtained in the experimental group of animals where the implant was hydroxyapatite-coated vitamin D3 mixed with the polymer. The results show that nanobiomaterials with local delivery of active form of vitamin D3, used in this study, may be materials of the future in the area of weakened jaw bone tissue regeneration.
- Biomaterials and their application in preprosthetic surgical procedure (2013)
- The loss of teeth and damage to the jaw bone occur under different circumstances. The deficit may be the result of wearing inadequate dentures, residual ridge resorption, osteoporosis, periodontal disease, trauma, tumors, radiation, etc. The deficit of bone tissue can be a substantial problem because it prevents adequate prosthetic patient care and restoration of disturbed functions of stomatognathic system. With such patients, there is often a need for preprosthetic surgical procedure through the application of various techniques and materials in order to resolve aftermentioned bone shortcomings. The most appropriate biological materials for the reconstruction are autogenous bone graft and artificial bone. With the development of technology and specific biomaterials it is tried to avoid situations that require autogenous bone grafting, since it involvs long surgical procedure with the possibility of postoperative complications. The application of synthetic biomaterials, whose properties are similar to natural hydroxyapatite, promotes the biological potential for bone tissue repair. Synthetic biomaterials have great biocompatibility and sterility and do not act antigenicaly. The disadvantages of this material are overcome by the addition of organic polymers. Thanks to the stability and flexibility of hydroxyapatite structure, a large number of ionic changes are possible, both cationic and anionic, which improve the characteristics of synthetic hydroxyapatite. Biomaterials that include different drugs, such as antibiotics, vitamins and other preparations, could be used for the treatment of complications after surgical procedures and infection of bone tissue. Our experimental studies indicate that biomaterials based on hydroxyapatite are valuable materials that can be used for preprosthetic surgical preparation.
- Preparation of smallest microparticles of poly-D,L-lactide by modified precipitation method: Influence of the process parameters (2007)
- Biodegradable microspheres such as those made of poly-D,L-lactide (PDLLA) are widely investigated delivery systems for drugs or antigens. The aim of this study was to examine experimental conditions in order to produce PDLLA microspheres with the best properties for controlled and sustained drug delivery by the modified precipitation method. For this purpose, the following parameters were varied: co-solvent (methanol or ethanol), the concentration of stabilizer polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), chloroform-to-water ratio and the speed and time of homogenization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and stereological analysis were used to characterize the particles. The average size and morphology of the microspheres varied substantially with preparation conditions from 8.44–1.25 μm. Results showed that the smallest particles were obtained with methanol, 1% PVA and with 10 min of homogenization at 21,000 rpm. Microsc. Res. Tech., 2008. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
- A novel nano drug delivery system based on tigecycline-loaded calciumphosphate coated with poly-dl-lactide-co-glycolide (2010)
- The purpose of the study presented in this paper has been to examine the possibility of the synthesis of a new nanoparticulate system for controlled and systemic drug delivery with double effect. In the first step, a drug is released from bioresorbable polymer; in the second stage, after resorption of the polymer, non-bioresorbable calcium phosphate remains the chief part of the particle and takes the role of a filler, filling a bone defect. The obtained tigecycline-loaded calcium-phosphate(CP)/poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide)(PLGA) nanoparticles contain calcium phosphate coated with bioresorbable polymer. The composite was analyzed by FT-IR, XRD and AFM methods. The average particle size of the nanocomposite ranges between 65 and 95 nm. Release profiles of tigecycline were obtained by UV–VIS spectroscopy in physiological solution at 37°C. Experimental results were analyzed using Peppas and Weibull mathematical models. Based on kinetic parameters, tigecycline release was defined as non-Fickian transport. The cytotoxicity of the nanocomposite was examined on standard cell lines of MC3T3-E1, in vitro. The obtained low values of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity (under 37%) indicate low cytotoxicity level. The behaviour of the composite under real-life conditions was analyzed through implantation of the nanocomposite into living organisms, in vivo. The system with the lowest tigecycline content proved to be an adequate system for local and controlled release. Having in mind the registered antibiotics concentration in other tissues, delivery systems with a higher tigecycline content show both local and systemic effects.
- Comparative study of biodegradable polymers on the particle size, surface morphology and encapsulation efficiency of ketoprofen loaded nanoparticles (2011)
- Poster presented at the 3rd European Science Foundation Summer School Nanomedicine 2011, 19-24 June 2011
- Structure and characteristics of the hot pressed hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactide composite (2002)
- Hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactide (HAp/PLL) composite biomaterial can be obtained by different processing methods. Three-dimensional blocks of HAp/PLLA composite biomaterial with mechanical characteristics close to the natural bone tissue can be obtained by hot pressing procedure. Effects of synthesis and compacting on the structure and characteristics of the HAp/PLLA composite biomaterial were studied in this work. Using wade angle X-ray structural analyses (WAXS), differentially scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, the changes occurring in the material during synthesis and hot pressing were monitored. Surface microstructure was analyzed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) coupled with electron-dispersion analysis (EDX). The results obtained indicate a possible decrease in the degree of crystallinity with hot pressing time increase. A block of HAp/PLLA composite biomaterial with 1.6 times lower crystallinity of the polymer phase was obtained by hot pressing in a given time interval with a maximum of 60 minutes. Results of TG analysis show that PLLA stability decreases with increasing hot pressing time, and vice versa. IR study proved that neither destructive changes in constituents nor formation of new phases occurred during hot pressing.
- Perspectives of novel poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)/hydroxyapatite core-shell nanoparticles as carriers of antibiotics (2010)
- Poster presented at the Third International “NanoBio – Zurich 2010” Conference, August 2010, Zurich, Switzerland
- Structural and Microstructural Analysis of Human Alveolar Bone Using X-Ray Powder Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy (2009)
- Poster presented at the 11th Conference of the Materials Research Society of Serbia - YUCOMAT 2009, Herceg Novi, Montenegro, August 31 – September 4, 2009.